Pressure on Bladder – Top Causes

Constant pressure on the bladder can be a signal of many things. Fortunately, most of these causes aren’t life-threatening.

This symptom can be the result of minor infections, cancer, and more. However, don’t worry too much about cancer since it’s relatively rare.

As you’ll see in this article, there are many other causes that are more common. One example is a urinary tract infection. This happens when a bacteria enters the urinary tract and causes an infection.

These can definitely lead to bladder pressure. If you have a UTI, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics and the symptoms should go away shortly after (3-7 days).

Let’s explore a few other possibilities for this scary symptom.

Uterine Fibroids (Women)

A uterine fibroid is a growth that occurs in the uterus. They can lead to pain and discomfort.

The good news is that uterine fibroids can be effectively treated through a variety of ways.

The first course of action will be hormone therapy. If this doesn’t work, then your doctor might opt to surgically remove the fibroids.

While uterine fibroids can be painful, rarely will they lead to life-threatening situations.

Prostatitis (Men) 

In men, a cause for pressure on the bladder can be prostatitis. This is when the prostate gland gets infected. Since this gland is located near the bladder, it can cause discomfort as it grows in size.

If you’ve been diagnosed with prostatitis, then you have two primary options: antibiotics or regular prostate gland massaging.

Both can be an effective way to lessen your pain.

Bladder Cancer 

This is a possibility for your symptom. However, it’s rare and you shouldn’t stress about it too much.

Bladder cancer typically begins at the lining of the bladder.

This can lead to pressure and even bloody urine.

In some patients, bladder cancer also leads to lower back pain.

There are dozens of lab tests that your doctor can perform to determine if you have bladder cancer.

If you’re diagnosed with cancer, they’ll refer you to an oncologist who can then develop a more specialized plan of action – radiation, surgery, chemotherapy, etc.

Muscular Disorders 

pressure on bladder

Another potential cause for pressure on the bladder is overactive bladder.

This is a relatively common condition that affects more than 30 million people in the United States alone.

It’s caused by muscles and nerves within the bladder becoming too sensitive, causing premature urination. 

If you’re experiencing leakage of urine on a regular basis, then an overactive bladder could be the cause.

Health problems like stroke, Parkinson’s disease, and spinal cord injuries are also associated with overactive bladder.


Cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder. It’s typically caused by the same bacteria that causes UTIs (urinary tract infections).

As the infection moves through the urinary tract, it can cause extreme bladder pressure. Your doctor will most likely give you antibiotics to treat the problem.


Yet another possibility are obstructions. This is when the flow of urine out of the bladder becomes blocked.

As urine backs up – a condition called urinary retention – it can lead to increased pressure on your bladder.

Here are the top causes:

  • Tumors
  • Kidney Stones

If a kidney stone gets lodged in the urethra, it can lead to urinary retention.

Tumors, depending on their location, can also lead to an obstruction.

Tumors can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign) and can be treated through a variety of means.

Ovarian Cancer 

In women, ovarian cancer can lead to bladder pressure. As cells divide uncontrollably, they start to overcrowd healthy tissues.

This can lead to chronic pain and discomfort.

In some women, this is accompanied by abnormal menstrual cycles and/or pelvic pain. If you’re younger and otherwise healthy, ovarian cancer is less likely.

It’s still recommended that you get tested just to be sure.

ovarian cancer


A cause that’s often overlooked is endometriosis. This is when tissue that normally grows in the uterus grows outside of the uterus.

It can be very painful and lead to chronic discomfort that can hinder your quality of life. While there’s currently no cure for endometriosis, there are treatment options available.

Pressure on Bladder – Remedies 

Depending on the cause of your symptom, there are different remedies available. Here are some of the common ones:

  • Drink Water: If you’re not drinking at least 8 glasses of water per day, then you’re not getting enough. Drinking enough water helps your body function properly and can even flush away bacteria in your urinary tract.
  • Drink Cranberry Juice: There are various compounds in cranberry juice that have shown to help fight infections. So if you’re experiencing chronic pressure on your bladder, give this remedy a try.
  • Heat Pads: These can be great for alleviating the pain and discomfort associated with this symptom. Place the heating pad on the lower part of your abdomen for as long as needed.
  • Antibiotics: If the pressure is being caused by an infection, then the best remedy is antibiotics. These can only be prescribed by a doctor so schedule an appointment so they can officially diagnose you.
  • Pain Medicine: Medicines like ibuprofen and aspirin are great for alleviating pain. Make sure that you don’t mix different pain medications. Otherwise, adverse and potentially life-threatening reactions can occur.

People with bladder pressure caused by an infection must do everything they can to reduce the chance of a future infection.

The next section will be dedicated to showing you how to do it.

Reducing Your Chances of a Future UTI

There are ways to reduce your risk of developing future bladder problems. Here are some options to consider:

  • Don’t Hold Your Urine: Many people hold their urine until the last possible moment. Unfortunately, this can lead to chronic pressure on the bladder since it increases your chances of developing an infection.
  • Use Feminine Products (Women): If you’re a women, make sure that you’re using the right feminine products. These include vaginal sprays, douches, etc. Also note that tampon use increases your chances of infection.
  • Empty Your Bladder After Intercourse: After having sex, completely empty your bladder. Additionally, wash your genital area. This will dramatically decrease your risk of a bacterial infection.

The final piece of advice that we can give is to wear comfortable underwear. Focus on something that’s loose-fitting and made of cotton.

This will prevent irritation and minimize your chances of getting a UTI.


To summarize, one of the most common causes of bladder pressure is a urinary tract infection.

Bacterial in nature, it can be avoided by using proper hygiene, drinking more water, and not holding your urine.

Another thing you can try is to drink more cranberry juice.

The compounds in cranberry juice, which don’t get digested by enzymes in the stomach, are great at helping kill off bacteria.

While pressure on the bladder might sound like a scary symptom, it’s rarely the result of something like cancer.

It’s more likely to be due to an infection, prostatitis (in men), or endometriosis (in women).

Ask a Question: If you want to ask a medical doctor a question that hasn't been answered in one of our articles go to: Ask a Medical Doctor About your Symptoms

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