The causes of eyebrow pain can vary widely. It can be due to glaucoma, sinus infections, and more.
It can also be due to cluster or tension headaches. The causes range from relatively harmless to more serious.
In this post, we’ll explore all the possibilities.
1. Sinus Infection
The first possibility is that you have a sinus infection. Sinus infections, or sinusitis, happens when the lining of the sinuses get inflamed.
This can lead to eyebrow pain as well as other unpleasant symptoms. When your sinuses are healthy, they are filled with air.
If they become blocked and fill with fluid, it can lead to an infection since germs can grow more easily.
Common causes of sinus infections include allergic rhinitis, the common cold, and having a deviated symptom.
There are two types: acute and chronic. Both can lead to pain in the eyebrows as well as the surrounding facial structures.
It’s relatively common- an estimated 35 million Americans get it at least once per year. You’re more likely to get it if you have nasal polyps or if you have blocked drainage ducts.
Glaucoma is a disease in which your eye’s optic nerve slowly degrades. It’s typically caused by a buildup of fluid within the front part of the eye.
As the amount of fluid increases, so does the pressure within the eye. Overtime, this can lead to optic nerve damage. In people over the age of 60, it’s the leading cause of blindness.
While glaucoma can lead to loss of vision, it can also cause pain in the eyebrows as well as in the eye itself.
If you start treatment early, you can prevent glaucoma from progression to the point where you lose your vision.
Glaucoma is most common in older people, as well as in people with genetic predispositions.
3. Tension Headaches
Of all the causes of eyebrow pain on this list, tension headaches are one of the most common.
Nearly everyone gets a tension headache at some point in their life. It can feel like you’ve got a tight clamp around your head.
Tension headaches can last for days and there are many different things that can trigger them.
It’s estimated that around 80% of adults in the United States get it sometimes, while around 3% get them daily.
The main symptom of a tension headache is the feeling that you’ve got a clamp around your head. Some patients also report pain in the eyebrows.
4. Muscle Spasms
The eyebrow muscles, like all the muscles in your body, can spasm from time to time.
A “spasm” is nothing more than an involuntary contraction of a muscle.
If your eyebrow muscle is constantly spasming, then it can lead to mild pain.
More times than not, stress and anxiety are the cause of muscle spasms of the eyebrow.
It can also happen if you’re deficient in certain minerals or if you’re dehydrated.
Don’t panic if your eyebrow muscles won’t stop twitching- it’s not likely to be ALS. Most patients report it going away within a few hours to a few days.
5. Temporal Arteritis
The final cause that we’re going to talk about is temporal arteritis.
This is a condition in which the blood vessels that lead to the brain become damaged or inflamed.
It can be quite painful and lead to additional symptoms like double vision or sudden vision loss.
Eyebrow pain can occur in temporal arteritis, although it’s not the most common symptom. This condition is virtually nonexistent in people under the age of 50.
There are various drugs you can take to reduce the symptoms of temporal arteritis.
It’s estimated that it affects approximately 250,000 people in the United States each year.
When to Visit a Medical Practitioner
Should you see a doctor regarding your eyebrow pain? While it’s up to you to decide, know that this isn’t a medical emergency.
We recommend waiting a few days and seeing if your symptom goes away.
If it hasn’t gone away after a week, or if the pain is becoming more unbearable, then see a medical practitioner.
Remember that anxiety can trigger things like headaches, so try to stay calm.
If you have additional symptoms present like double vision, fatigue, vision loss, or nausea, then you should see a doctor.
In most cases, pain in the eyebrows is benign and will go away on its own.
Pain in the eyebrow is a common symptom experienced by millions of people around the world.
Since there are so many causes, it can be difficult to diagnose yourself online.
It can be caused by sinus infections, temporal arteritis, tension headaches, and more.
We recommend visiting a healthcare professional who has the necessary diagnostic equipment and expertise to tell you what you have.